A Strategic Growth Study into the Greater Birmingham and Black Country Housing Market Area, February 2018
Prepared by GL Hearn and Wood plc
- The 14 local authorities comprising the Greater Birmingham and Black Country Housing Market Area (GBBCHMA see section 1 below) commissioned consultancy team GL Hearn and Wood plc to undertake the above named study.
- For the avoidance of doubt, this is an independently prepared, objective study and not a policy statement. It does not in any way commit the participating authorities to development of any of the geographic areas referred to (nor does it exclude the testing of alternatives), but it is a thorough evidence base to take matters forward through the local plan review process.
- It has been established that there is a shortfall in planned provision to meet housing requirements in the (GBBCHMA). The Birmingham Development Plan (BDP, adopted January 2017) quantified its shortfall as 37,900 (2011 – 31).
- The BDP includes a policy requiring local authorities within the GBBCHMA to work together to address the shortfall and plans which preceded it included a commitment to review once its scale was confirmed.
- Subsequently, the Black Country Core Strategy review Issues and Options document suggests there may be an emerging capacity shortfall of up to 22,000 dwellings (2016 – 36).
- A series of technical studies have been undertaken culminating in the recent completion of this study. By means of summary the study:
- Refreshes the housing demand parameters
- Updates the collective housing capacity estimates
- Considers the scope for increasing residential densities
- Considers broad growth locations unconstrained by Green Belt policy
- Considers broad growth locations which would require a formal review of Green Belt
- 24 broad locations were identified in total, with 11 identified for further analysis. All locations have been subjected to high level sustainability and infrastructure assessments.
- This is a strategic study and considers ways to meet projected housing needs in terms of major developments, new settlements, urban extensions and ‘proportionate’ dispersal with developments of 500 dwellings or more. Large developments will take time to bring forward and there will be circumstances where smaller-scale developments might be accommodated in the Green Belt and where there would be pressure to deliver development to meet needs in the short to medium term. Thus, the study does not mean that only large-scale Green Belt releases should be considered, nor that only those authorities where strategic developments are proposed would need to review their Green Belts.
- The table (below) sets out the revised supply and demand position. Whilst it is apparent that the overwhelming majority of need is being met on previously developed land and that higher densities might increase supply on identified sites by up to 13,000 (subject to testing through Local Plans), a significant shortfall remains, particularly up to 2036.
- Since the abolition of Regional Strategies, local authorities have a statutory obligation to resolve cross boundary matters through the Duty to Cooperate. Government is also proposing to introduce Statements of Common Ground whereby more specific commitments are made as to how and when such matters are resolved.
Greater Birmingham and Black Country HMA: Housing need, supply and shortfall
2011 - 31
2011 - 36
Coventry / Warks. contribution[see section 2]
Section 1. Birmingham, Bromsgrove, Cannock Chase, Dudley, Lichfield, North Warwickshire, Redditch, Sandwell, Solihull, South Staffordshire, Stratford upon Avon, Tamworth, Walsall and Wolverhampton.
Section 2. North Warwickshire and Stratford-on-Avon – also fall within the Coventry and Warwickshire HMA, and have agreed to make provision for Coventry’s unmet housing needs. North Warwickshire is contributing 860 dwellings to meeting Coventry’s unmet needs to 2031 and Stratford-on-Avon 2,020 dwellings from Stratford-on-Avon, totalling 2,880 dwellings. Rolled forward to 2036 on a pro-rata basis, this would be 3,600 dwellings (2011-36).
Councillor Geoff Denaro (Leader of Bromsgrove District Council) Statement
For the avoidance of doubt, the GL Hearn Study is an independently prepared, objective study and not a policy statement. It does not in any way commit the 14 authorities in the Housing Market Area to the development of any of the geographic areas referred to (nor does it exclude the testing of alternatives). The GL Hearn Study is only one piece of evidence amongst many to be considered through the local plan review process.
It cannot be stressed strongly enough the Council has not accepted the findings of the study but is looking to the residents and other interested parties of Bromsgrove to help inform its view on the study through a full consultation on the issues and options which will be consulted on in June.
The Bromsgrove District Plan Review - Issues and Options report will include looking at the whole of the green belt and assessing the future development needs for the District.
This process is to ensure that the GL Hearn study does not dictate the future of the district as is being suggested. The Council is making sure we have a fully informed view, one which has been informed by local views of the people across Bromsgrove. Gathering these views in the context of the plan review in June allows residents to have an influence on the future long term planning strategy of the district. It is envisaged that this strategy will take a number of years to prepare and will be informed by many pieces of evidence.
For further information, please contact Mike Dunphy (Strategic Planning and Conservation Manager - Bromsgrove District Council and Redditch Borough Council)
Phone: 01527 881325